In winter 2002/2003, a total of 136 root samples from 57 different raspberry stocks in Scotland were examined for the presence of raspberry root rot caused by the fungus-like pathogen Phytophthora fragariae var. rubi. All stocks had been planted as propagation material entered at different grades in the Scottish certification scheme or had applied for plant passports. For detection, a modified 'Duncan bait test' was compared to a nested PCR method. The two tests identified the same infected stocks: PCR detected 10 positive samples from four different stocks, while the bait test picked up two additional positive samples coming from the same four stocks. The two tests had a similar level of reliability in this examination and a recommendation for one or the other depends mainly on the technical equipment and skills available in the laboratory.