An outbreak of strawberry latent ringspot virus (SLRV) in a plantation of Malling Jewel raspberry coincided with the greatest abundance of the nematode vector, Xiphinema diversicaudatum. Arabis mosaic virus (AMV) was not detected in the crop but was, together with SLRV, in many weed species present. AMV was transmitted through the seed of Poa annua, Capsella bursa-pastoris and Senecio vulgaris and SLRV through the seed of Mentha arvensis. X. diversicaudatum were more numerous within the rows than between them and vertical sampling showed that most occurred between 4 and 12 in depth in both locations. Monthly sampling showed that egg laying occurred from April to July; populations increased to a peak in late autumn but declined during the winter, resulting in about a twofold annual increase in numbers. Females, males and juveniles transmitted AMV and SLRV to cucumber seedlings, and in the absence of plants the nematode retained AMV for 112 days and SLRV for 84 days.