Abstract

Raspberry bushy dwarf virus (RBDV) was found in all plants of Lloyd George raspberry with bushy dwarf disease and occurred occasionally in plants of some other cultivars. It was transmitted by inoculation of sap to fifty-five other species in twelve families of flowering plants and infected most of them symptomlessly. It caused systemic symptoms in some species of Amaranthaceae, Chenopodiaceae and Cucurbitaceae, and necrotic local lesions in some Leguminosae. It did not induce bushy dwarf disease when returned to Lloyd George raspberry.
Chenopodium quinoa was used for propagating the virus and Vigna cylindrica for local lesion assay. In C. quinoa sap, RBDV lost infectivity when diluted 10-4 heated for 10 mm at 65 C or stored for 4 days at 22 C. Preparations made by twice precipitating the virus at pH 4.8 and resuspending it at pH 7 followed by ultracentrifugation and exclusion chromatography in columns of 2 % agarose beads, contained isometric particles about 33 nm in diameter, which sedimented as two components, with sedimentation co-efficients of 111 and 116 S. Only a few particles, all of them disrupted, were seen in preparations mounted in phosphotungstate, but the particles were well preserved in uranyl formate provided that they were first dispersed in a salt such as MgCl instead of distilled water. Many particles were oval in outline as though distorted during drying.
No serological relationship was detected between RBDV and twenty-four other isometric viruses nor between RBDV and the filamentous virus apple chlorotic leafspot, to which it was previously thought to be related. An isolate of loganberry degeneration virus was serologically indistinguishable from RBDV.